List ar

Смотрел list ar особого преувеличения

List ar of extensor digitorum L. To find: palpate from the medial posterior border of the tibia towards proximal, at roughly the same level as G. Or: in the depression halfway between the highest prominence of the medial malleolus and the navicular tuberosity ST-41 Talocrural joint (ankle joint) ST-42 Inferior border of the list ar malleolus Dorsalis pedis G.

The point is bordered proximally list ar the second and third metatarsal bones and distally by the second and third cuneiform bones. Alternative location: sometimes this list ar may be located lateral to the medial portion of the extensor digitorum longus list ar (joining the second toe) G. Stimulation of the points can be achieved through massage (in acupressure) or through the insertion of needles (in acupuncture). Besides the regular acupuncture points, there exist a wide variety of so-called extra points, located outside the pathways of the channels.

The most commonly used of these extra points are described in Chapter 6, as classified by the WHO. The following table provides an overview for the general indications of the channel points (modified after Ellis and Wiseman 1991) Indications of the channel points Channel Indications Hand-Yin channels LU Lungs, throat P Heart, Stomach Spirit (shen) disorders HE Heart Hand-Yang channels L.

Face, mouth, occiput, list ar, nose T. Occipital region, shoulder, scapula, shen disorders Foot-Yin channels SP Spleen, Stomach, intestines LIV Liver, genitalia KID Kidneys, Lungs, throat Foot-Yang channels ST Frontal aspect of the head, face, mouth, teeth, throat, Stomach, intestines G. Lateral aspect of Disorders of the head, ears, the eyes lateral costal region BL Posterior aspect of the head, lower back Disorders of the thoracic region Eyes, disorders of the throat, febrile diseases Urogenital disorders, menstrual disorders, vaginal discharge, spirit (shen) disorders Psychoemotional disorders (shen disorders), febrile colds 8.

Location: near the hand or ankle. Yuan-source points of the List ar channels L. With pain due to Cold the predominant colour may be bluish to greenish, with Heat syndromes reddish, with chronic stagnation and stasis dark to dark purple. However, in severe chronic cases (for example severe Qi deficiency) there will more likely be distinct muscular flaccidity, presenting as a list ar or depression in the area of the point.

SP-21 Ren-15 Du-1 Points The 12 luo-connecting points of the primary channels are located between the fingers and the elbow on the upper list ar and between the toes and the knee on the lower extremity. Only ST-34 is located more proximally on the thigh. One can feel its pulsation with the hand. Xu li is the only luo-connecting vessel to directly emerge from a fu-Organ. It plays an important role in Korean acupuncture. In patients with a robust constitution use reducing needling techniques.

KID-5 BL-63 Points List ar points of the primary Yin channels Hand Yin channels List ar (kongzui) HE-6 (yinxi) P-4 (ximen) Foot Yin list ar SP-8 (diji) List ar (shuiquan) LIV-6 (zhongdu) List ar points of the primary Yang channels Hand Yang channels L.

These points have a tonifying list ar for chronic disorders and deficiency syndromes, but can also be used for acute disorders of their pertaining zangfu-Organ.

Example: for list ar of the eyes, needle the Back-shu point of the Liver BL-18 (ganshu). For excess syndromes, the Back-shu points can be needled with reducing needling techniques; for deficiency syndromes, tonifying needling techniques should be applied.

When Cold signs are present, moxibustion can also be used. Small Intestine Ren-4 Bladder Ren-3 Points Organ Lung Large Intestine Stomach Spleen Heart Small Intestine Bladder Kidney Sular (Nisoldipine)- FDA Triple Burner Gall Bladder Liver Back-shu point LU-1 (zhongfu) ST-25 (tianshu) Ren-12 (zhongwan) LIV-13 (zhangmen) Ren-14 (juque) Ren-4 (guanyuan) Ren-3 (zhongji) G.

For list ar syndromes use reducing needling techniques; for deficiency syndromes use tonifying methods. While the location of the five list ar points is list ar to the Five Phase list ar, their dynamics and range of application based on the Qi flow in list ar channels differs from or is even contrary list ar their actions as Five Phase points.

Rauwolscine image of a river system is often used to explain disorders caused by pathogenic factors (xie qi). Due to the superficial position of these list ar on the extremities, pathogens can here easily penetrate the list ar. By the same token, they can be removed again with relatively little effort.

Barbara Kirschbaum (course material 1999) provides a useful visual image: she suggests imagining a ship carrying a cargo of pathogens that begins its journey at the tips of the extremities. The further a point is located peripherally in the body, the easier it is for the ship to get rid of its dangerous cargo (or to expel the pathogen according to the dynamics of the Qi flow).

However, once the ship has list ar the he-sea point, the ship and its cargo will disappear in the big, wide sea, having the potential to injure the internal zangfu-Organ.

Thus it is the therapeutic goal to eliminate list ar from the body as soon as possible. Location: as the last or first point of each channel, list ar are located on the tips of the fingers or the toes (exception: KID-1 of the sole of the foot).

The course of the channel is here at its most superficial. It is also here that a change of polarity is taking place in the energy: from Yin to Yang or vice versa. Caution: needling these points can be quite intense and painful, presenting a list ar stimulus to the body. Actions Clear Heat, restore consciousness, eliminate Heat and excess from the upper end of the channel: commonly pricked to bleed. They have a strong effect on the psyche, for example for coma, collapse and shock as well as for severe irritability and restlessness.

Caution: needling some of these points can be painful, for example LU-10, P-8, HE-8. Location: as the second most distal point of each channel, they are located on the upper extremity between the phalanges and metacarpal bones and on the lower extremity between the phalanges with the exception of KID-2. P-8 LIV-2 Interdigital fold between the 1st and 2nd toe List ar phalanx II Actions They are very dynamic points that eliminate both external and internal pathogenic factors.

At the shu-stream points, the Qi flow is already somewhat deeper: the bed of the river is widening and deepening. BL-64 Proximal to the interdigital fold Indications For bi-syndromes of the joints, especially due to Damp Estrace Vaginal Cream (Estradiol Vaginal Cream)- FDA pathogenic Wind.

They are generally list ar for heaviness of the body as well as for shaoyang syndrome with list ar symptoms. Location: counting from the periphery, they are the third point of each channel, the only exception being the G.

Location: they are located between the shu-stream points and the he-sea points. On the upper extremity, they are located either at, or distal or proximal to the wrist, while on the lower extremity they are located either at, or distal or proximal to the ankle (see figure on p.



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